Quick Answer: What Are The Basic Parts Of Computer?

What are the 5 basic parts of a computer?

5 parts of a computerA motherboard.A Central Processing Unit (CPU)A Graphics Processing Unit (GPU), also known as a video card.Random Access Memory (RAM), also known as volatile memory.Storage: Solid State Drive (SSD) or Hard Disk Drive (HDD)Jun 11, 2019.

What are the basic parts of computer and its function?

Eight Basic PC Parts And Their FunctionsMotherboard. The motherboard is a paramount computer component as this is the central part where everything else is connecting to. … Power Supply. … Input And Output Devices. … CPU (Central processing unit) … RAM (random-access memory) … Hard Disk drive / Solid-state drive. … Video Card. … Optical Drives.Aug 21, 2019

What are the 7 major components of a computer?

The 7 Major components of a computerVedeo card. Power supply.The vedeo card is responsible for displaying everything you see on your screen. The power supply is responsible for supplying power to all the components of the computer.Optical Drive. … Hard drive. … Ram. … The motherboard. … The cpu.

Which part is heart of computer?

ProcessorA microprocessor or processor is the heart of the computer and it performs all the computational tasks, calculations and data processing etc. inside the computer. Microprocessor is the brain of the computer.

What are two basic parts of a computer?

Every computer is composed of two basic components: hardware and software.hardware includes the Physical features, which are every part that you can either see or touch, for example: monitor, case, keyboard, mouse, and printer.The part which activates the physical components cs alled software.Jun 1, 2020

What are the 4 main parts of a computer?

The 4 components to make up a computer are as follow.Central Processor Unit (CPU)Memory (RAM)Input (keyboard, mouse, etc)Output (monitor, printer, etc)

What are the 15 parts of computer?

Here are the components and peripherals necessary to assemble a basic modern PC system:Motherboard.Processor.Memory (RAM)Case/chassis.Power supply.Floppy drive.Hard disk.CD-ROM, CD-RW, or DVD-ROM drive.More items…•Sep 26, 2002

What are the 8 main parts of a computer?

8 Standard Computer Components and What They DoMotherboard. The motherboard is an important computer component because it’s what everything else connects to! … Power Supply. True to its name, the power supply powers all other components of the machine. … Central Processing Unit (CPU) … Random-access Memory (RAM) … Hard Disk Drive / Solid State Drive. … Video Card. … Optical Drives.Mar 2, 2017

How many types of computer are there?

There are seven types of Computer 1 Supercomputer 2 Mainframe 3 Microcontroller 4 Server Computer 5 Personal Computer 6 Workstation computer 7 smartphone. There are Four Different Computer Types We have four different computer types classified according to their performance, power, and size.

What is the brain of computer?

Central Processing Unit (CPU) … The CPU is the brain of a computer, containing all the circuitry needed to process input, store data, and output results. The CPU is constantly following instructions of computer programs that tell it which data to process and how to process it.

What are the six part of computer?

The six components of a computer include the central processing unit (CPU), motherboard, hard drive, memory, monitor and peripherals. The CPU is essentially the engine of the computer, while the motherboard is a circuit board that contains the memory, processor and ROM chips.

What is the most important part of computer?

The most important of these components is the central processing unit (CPU), or microprocessor, which acts as the “brain” of your computer. Another component is random access memory (RAM), which temporarily stores information that the CPU uses while the computer is on.

What is the full form of computer?

Some people say that COMPUTER stands for Common Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Educational Research. … “A computer is a general purpose electronic device that is used to perform arithmetic and logical operations automatically.

What are computer parts called?

What are the names for the parts of a computer? Moz: The names of the four most important parts are – CPU, Monitor, Keyboard, and Mouse.

What are the 10 parts of computer?

10 Parts that make up a ComputerMemory.Hard Drive or Solid State Drive.Video card.Motherboard.Processor.Power Supply.Monitor.Keyboard and Mouse.More items…

What are the 3 types of CPU?

Types of CPUSingle-core CPU. It is the oldest type of CPU which is available and employed in most of the personal and official computers. … Dual-core CPU. It is a single CPU that comprises of two strong cores and functions like dual CPU acting like one. … Quad-core CPU. … Hexa Core processors. … Octa-core processors. … Deca-core processor.

Who invented computer?

Charles BabbageEnglish mathematician and inventor Charles Babbage is credited with having conceived the first automatic digital computer. During the mid-1830s Babbage developed plans for the Analytical Engine.